segunda-feira, 27 de agosto de 2007

Base de Conhecimento sobre Terrorismo

Desenvolvido pelo Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT), a Terrorism Knowledge Base - Base de Conhecimento sobre Terrorismo - oferece informações e análises sobre o Terrorismo com mapas interativos e sumários estatísticos.A base está dividida em:- Grupos (posição e ideologia);- Casos (data); - Países/Áreas (posição geográfica); - Incidentes (data, posição geográfica); - Líderes e membros (grupo); - Referência adicional (artigos)

Exemplo das Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

Mothertongue Name:Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC)
Aliases: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia - Ejercito del Pueblo (FARC-EP)
Base of Operation: Colombia

Founding Philosophy: The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) grew out of the Colombian Communist Party of the 1960s. Unsurprisingly, the FARC was founded as a Communist organization. The FARC leaned towards the Marxist strain of Communism and received a limited amount of funding from the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The FARC's stated goal is to overthrow the current democratic government of Colombia and replace it with a Communist government.

While the FARC is undoubtedly the largest and oldest of the Communist insurgent groups of Colombia, it is not necessarily the most dogmatic in its devotion to the Marxist ideology. In fact, the FARC's growing hand in cocaine trafficking, and even production, coupled with its on-again, off-again peace talks with the Colombian government, indicate that the ideological backbone of the FARC is at best, ill-defined. However, a significant portion of the FARC's leadership, including FARC chief Manuel Marulanda, have been part of the organization since its founding and are presumably still dedicated to its Marxist ideology. The FARC continues to wage a war of words devoted to Marxist principles, despite the fact that many of its battles are fought with the less idealistic motive of controlling the illicit drug inustry.

Current Goals: Today, the FARC's primary goal is territorial control within Colombia. The FARC has several sources for the money it needs to pursue this goal. The majority of its funding comes from the cocaine trade, but the FARC also pursues kidnapping, extortion, and hijacking. In addition to these operations, the FARC also attacks Colombian political and military installations. Its activities frequently disrupt economic activity in Colombia, particularly when conflicts with Colombia's rightist paramilitary groups break out. Ordinary Colombian citizens are often caught in the middle of this violent and bloody struggle.

The FARC's larger goals are a matter for speculation. For four decades the FARC has struggled to overthrow the Colombian government. This does not seem likely unless the FARC dramatically shifts its approach and increases its strength. The more likely outcome is that the FARC will continue to destabilize Colombian democracy but never actually overthrow the government. Furthermore, the FARC's recent participation in peace talks demonstrates a certain willingness to negotiate with its ideological enemies. The FARC's ideological commitment is in doubt, but its immediate goals are not. The FARC aims to maintain its significant financial and territorial power. From all indications, the FARC will continue its violent criminal action for the foreseeable future.

Legal Cases

Further Reference

"Investigative findings on the activities of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Colombia.," COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, U.S. House of Representatives, 4/24/2002, U.S. House of Representatives
Colombia Country Assessment, 4/1/2002, Immigration and Nationality Directorate, Home Office of the United Kingdom, (UK)

Colombian Labyrinth: The Synergy of Drugs and Insurgency and Its Implications for Regional Stability, Angel Rabasa, Peter Chalk , 2001, RAND;
Drug Politics: Dirty Money and Democracies, David C. Jordan , 10/1/1999, Univ of Oklahoma Press

Violence in Colombia : The Contemporary Crisis in Historical Perspective , Gonzalo Sanchez, Ricardo Penaranda (Editor), Charles W. Bergquist , 1/1/1992, Scholarly Resources

Related Categories
Knowledge Base Directory > Groups > Location > Latin America & the Caribbean > Colombia
Knowledge Base Directory > Groups > Ideology > Communist/Socialist
Knowledge Base Directory > Groups > Location > Latin America & the Caribbean

Fonte: Pesquisa Mundi

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